Kidney Disease, Nephropathy

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Kidneys are two bean-shaped organs, each about the size of fists. They are located near the middle of the back, just below the rib cage. Inside each kidney about a million tiny structures called nephrons filter blood. They remove waste products and extra water, which become urine. The urine flows through tubes called ureters to the bladder, which stores the urine until person goes to the bathroom. Most kidney diseases attack the nephrons. This damage may leave kidneys unable to remove wastes. Causes can include genetic problems, injuries, or medicines. Someone is at greater risk for kidney disease if s-he has diabetes, high blood pressure, or a close family member with kidney disease. Chronic kidney disease damages the nephrons slowly over several years. Other kidney problems include: Cancer; Cysts; Stones; Infections. If kidneys fail completely, a kidney transplant or dialysis can replace the work kidneys normally do.

Symptoms:

Laboratory Test Procedures:

frequent urination
increased frequency of urination at night
puffy eyelids
feet swelling
high blood pressure
fatigue
loss of appetite
nausea
vomiting
itching
easy bruising
pale skin
shortness of breath
headache
numbness or tingling in the hands
numbness or tingling in the feet
trouble sleeping
restless legs syndrome
chest pain
prolonged bleeding
bone fracture
bone pain
erectile dysfunction

Hemoglobin
ESR - Sed Rate
Amylase
Iron, Serum
Iron (TotalIBC & UIBC)
Iron (Transferrin)
Lipase
Alpha2-globulin
Uric Acid
Vitamin D, 25 Hydroxy
Medical Tests Analyzer provides with more lab test procedures...

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All information on this page is intended for your general knowledge only and does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. See Additional Information

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