Hyperlipidemia, Dyslipidemia

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Lipid is the scientific term for fats in the blood. At proper levels, lipids perform important functions in your body, but can cause health problems if they are present in excess. The term hyperlipidemia means high lipid levels. Hyperlipidemia includes several conditions, but it usually means that you have high cholesterol and high triglyceride levels. High lipid levels can speed up a process called atherosclerosis, or hardening of the arteries. Your arteries are normally smooth and unobstructed on the inside, but as you age, a sticky substance called plaque forms in the walls of your arteries. Plaque is made of lipids and other materials circulating in your blood. As more plaque builds up, your arteries can narrow and stiffen. Eventually, enough plaque may build up to reduce blood flow through your arteries. Atherosclerosis increases your risk of heart disease, stroke, and other vascular diseases. Fortunately, you may be able to reduce high lipid levels and, therefore, prevent or slow the progression of atherosclerosis. Lifestyle changes like exercising and eating a healthy diet can also lower your lipid levels and are often the first step in treatment. If you are diagnosed with hyperlipidemia, your treatment will vary based on which type of lipids that are too high. In any case, making healthy diet choices and increasing exercise are important first steps in lowering your high cholesterol. Avoid fatty foods and lower your overall daily calorie intake. Medication is also an effective tool in managing the condition when used in conjunction with healthy eating and regular exercise.

Symptoms:

Laboratory Test Procedures:

chest pain
abdominal pain
fatty skin deposits over parts of the hands, elbows, knees, ankles, and around the cornea of the eye
cholesterol deposits in the eyelids

Apo A (Apolipoprotein A-I)
Apo B (Apolipoprotein B)
Cholesterol
LDL
DLDL
HDL
TRIG (Triglycerides)
Lp(a) (Lipoprotein little a)
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