Angina, Ischemic heart disease

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Angina is one of the serious causes of chest pain. "Angina" is an abbreviation of angina pectoris, a Latin term for "squeezing of the chest." Chest pain is a common symptom caused by many different conditions. Some causes require prompt medical attention, such as angina, heart attack, blood clots in the lungs, or tearing of the aorta. Other causes of chest pain that may not require immediate medical intervention include spasm of the esophagus, gallbladder attack, or inflammation of the chest wall. An accurate diagnosis is important in providing proper treatment to patients with chest pain or acute coronary syndrome. Angina is chest discomfort that occurs when there is decreased blood oxygen supply to an area of the heart muscle. In most cases, the lack of blood supply is due to a narrowing of the coronary arteries as a result of arteriosclerosis. Angina is usually felt as: pressure; heaviness; tightening; squeezing; aching across the chest, particularly behind the breastbone; This pain often radiates to the neck, jaw, arms, back, or even the teeth. Patients may also suffer: indigestion; heartburn; weakness; sweating; nausea; cramping; shortness of breath;Angina usually occurs during exertion, severe emotional stress, or after a heavy meal, when the heart muscle demands more blood oxygen than the narrowed coronary arteries can deliver. Angina typically lasts from 1 to 15 minutes and is relieved by rest or by placing a nitroglycerin tablet under the tongue, which relaxes the blood vessels and lowers blood pressure. Both rest and nitroglycerin decrease the heart muscles demand for oxygen, relieving angina.


Laboratory Test Procedures:

chest pain
shortness of breath
pain in arms, neck, jaw, shoulder or back accompanying chest pain

Creatine Kinase
TRIG (Triglycerides)
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