Metabolic acidosis

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Increased breathing rate (hyperventilation) to increase CO2 elimination. Metabolic acidosis is a condition in which there is too much acid in the body fluids. Metabolic acidosis occurs when the body produces too much acid, or when the kidneys are not removing enough acid from the body. There are several types of metabolic acidosis: Diabetic acidosis (also called diabetic ketoacidosis and DKA) develops when substances known as ketone bodies, which are acidic, build up during uncontrolled type 1 diabetes; Hyperchloremic acidosis results from excessive loss of sodium bicarbonate from the body, as can happen with severe diarrhea; Lactic acidosis is a buildup of lactic acid. It can be caused by: Alcohol; Cancer; Exercising for a very long time; Liver failure; Low blood sugar (hypoglycemia); Medications such as salicylates; Prolonged lack of oxygen from shock, heart failure, or severe anemia; Seizures; Other causes of metabolic acidosis include: Kidney disease (distal tubular acidosis and proximal renal tubular acidosis); Poisoning by aspirin, ethylene glycol (found in antifreeze), or methanol; Severe dehydration; Most symptoms are caused by the underlying disease or condition that is causing the metabolic acidosis. Severe metabolic acidosis can lead to shock or death. In some situations, metabolic acidosis can be a mild, chronic (ongoing) condition.


Laboratory Test Procedures:

rapid breathing

pH - arterial blood
HCO3 (bicarbonate)
pCO2 (partial pressures of carbon dioxide)
BE (base excess)
Phosphate (P - Phosphorus) (URINE TEST)
pH Urine
Chloride Cl
Bicarbonate (CO2)
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