Alpha-1 Antitrypsin Deficiency

Would you like to know what lab results mean? DDxHub - Differential Diagnosis Hub helps to understand and explains your blood test.

Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency is an inherited disorder that can cause lung disease in adults and liver disease in adults and children. Alpha-1 antitrypsin (AAT) is a protein that protects the lungs. The liver usually makes the protein, and releases it into the bloodstream. Because of a gene problem, some people have little or none of it. Not having enough AAT puts you at risk of emphysema or liver problems. If you smoke, you increase your risk. Children with AAT deficiency can develop liver problems that last their whole lives. AAT deficiency can be treated but not cured. One treatment involves adding to or replacing the missing protein. A lung transplant may be an option if you are seriously ill. Staying away from cigarette smoke is crucial. A blood test can tell if you have the deficiency. If you have it, your family members should also take the blood test.


Laboratory Test Procedures:

shortness of breath
easily becoming short of breath during exercise or activity
wheezing or coughing after exercise
weight loss
increased number and severity of infections
recurring respiratory infections
fast heartbeat
blurred vision
difficulty breathing
barrel-shaped chest
abdomen swelling
feet swelling

Direct Bilirubin
DDxHub Differential Diagnosis online system provides with more lab test procedures...

You have symptoms and blood work results. How do they correlate? What is the health condition? Some disorders have similar signs and laboratory values. DDxHub helps to define a right diagnosis. Run DDxHub now and enter symptoms and test results.

All information on this page is intended for your general knowledge only and does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. See Additional Information