Testicular Cancer

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Testicular cancer is cancer that starts in the testicles, the male reproductive glands located in the scrotum. Symptoms: There may be no symptoms. Most commonly presents as a hard, painless nodule on one testis noticed by the patient or at a regular clinic exam. Elevated serum tumor markers are diagnostic of the disease and aid in monitoring the treatment response. Ultrasound of the testis is 90% to 95% accurate in diagnosis. Testicular cancers are very sensitive to chemotherapy and are curable even when metastatic. Cure rates for good-risk disease are 90-95%. Infertility is a complication of surgery. Radical orchiectomy to confirm histologic diagnosis is initial treatment in most cases. Cancer usually affects only one testicle.


Laboratory Test Procedures:

no symptoms
pain, lump, or swelling in the testicles
swollen testicles
pain in the pelvic area
sudden collection of fluid in the scrotum
tender breasts
pain in the lower back
sensation of pelvic or lower abdominal pressure
abdominal pain
shortness of breath
chest pain

Beta HCG
LDH Lactate dehydrogenase
AlphaFeto Protein (AFP)
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All information on this page is intended for your general knowledge only and does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. See Additional Information