DDxHub Differential Diagnosis Hub software

   Published: 12 Mar 2024
High blood homocysteine levels can damage the arteries' linings or cause the blood to clot more easily than it should.

C-reactive protein.
C-reactive protein is an indicator of inflammation in the body. It can help to predict the onset of type 2 diabetes. Systemic inflammation has emerged as a powerful predictor of degenerative diseases affecting the heart, eyes, and mind. And it can draw attention to disease processes long before they become symptomatic.High levels can be problematic, indicating higher risks for heart attack, poor mental function, and bone fracture. Homocysteine is an amino acid in our bodies.

Increased or lower-than-normal levels of triglycerides and cholesterol may indicate a high risk of coronary heart disease.
An analysis of your lipoproteins reveals:
Total cholesterol
LDL (bad) cholesterol, the primary cause of artery blockages and cholesterol accumulation
HDL (good) cholesterol, which aids in reducing artery blockages caused by cholesterol
Triglycerides are a form of fat found in your blood
Normal ranges of lipid profile
Total cholesterol
Normal: Lower than 200 mg/dL
Borderline high: 200 to 239 mg/dL
High: At or higher than 240 mg/dL
LDL cholesterol
Optimal: Lower than 100 mg/dL (This is the goal for people with diabetes or heart disease.)
Near-optimal: 100 to 129 mg/dL
Borderline high: 130 to 159 mg/dL
High: 160 to 189 mg/dL
Very high: 190 mg/dL and higher
HDL cholesterol
The level must be higher than 40 mg/dL. This sort of fat is beneficial for you because it reduces your risk of heart disease. Protection for heart disease is thought to be attained at a level of 60 mg/dL or above.
Normal: Lower than 150 mg/dL
Borderline high: 150 to 199 mg/dL
High: 200 to 499 mg/dL
Very high: Higher than 500 mg/dL. Most people must fast for 9 to 12 hours before a lipoprotein panel. Lipoprotein panel, also known as a lipid panel or lipid profile and assesses your blood's low-density lipoprotein (LDL), high-density lipoprotein (HDL), and triglyceride concentrations. Lower risk is indicated by a higher number.